Common Name: Daemon Eartheater Cichlid
Scientific Name: Satanoperca daemon
Other Names: Daemon Cichlid
The Daemon Eartheater Cichlid is a visually striking fish known for its characteristic earthen tones. It showcases a silver-gray body accented by dark vertical stripes and a unique black spot on the upper part of its flank. Long, flowing fins tinged with hues of orange and red complement its sleek body, and its bright eyes add a touch of contrast.
Habitat and Distribution:
Satanoperca daemon is indigenous to the Amazon River basin in South America, specifically in the regions of Brazil, Guyana, and Suriname. These fish favor soft, slightly acidic waters and are typically found in slow-moving or stagnant waters laden with a sandy or muddy bottom. Their natural environment is densely vegetated, providing ample cover and feeding opportunities.
Size and Lifespan:
Daemon Eartheaters can reach lengths of up to 8 inches in the wild. In captivity, they generally average between 5 to 7 inches. Given optimal conditions and care, these fish can live for up to 8-10 years.
Diet and Behavior:
As their common name suggests, Daemon Eartheaters have a tendency to sift through the substrate to forage for food. Their primary diet consists of microorganisms, small invertebrates, and detritus. In an aquarium setting, they thrive on high-quality cichlid pellets, supplemented with frozen and occasional live foods. Their sifting behavior can be both intriguing and beneficial, helping to naturally aerate the substrate.
Breeding and Reproduction:
They are substrate spawners, selecting flat surfaces or cleared patches of substrate for egg-laying. The parents are known for their attentive care, guarding the eggs and later, the fry, against potential threats.
Aquarium Care and Tank Requirements:
A minimum tank size of 55 gallons is recommended for these cichlids. The substrate should ideally be soft and sandy to facilitate their natural sifting behavior. Decorations like rocks, driftwood, and live plants can recreate their natural habitat and offer hiding places. Water cleanliness is vital; thus, efficient filtration combined with regular water changes is a must.
Ideal Tank Mates:
While generally peaceful, Daemon Eartheaters can display territorial behaviors, especially during breeding. Suitable tankmates include larger tetras, other medium-sized cichlids, and various catfish species.
Intermediate. Their specific care requirements and sensitivity to water parameters mean they’re better suited for aquarists with some experience.
• Temperature: 77-86°F (25-30°C)
• pH: 6.0-7.5
• General Hardness (GH): 5-15 dGH
• Carbonate Hardness (KH): 3-8 dKH
• Ammonia, Nitrite, Nitrate: Close to 0 ppm. Regular monitoring and water changes are crucial.
• These cichlids, with their unique behavior and stunning appearance, can become the centerpiece in a well-maintained aquarium.
• The name “Daemon” is derived from the prominent black markings they sport, and not due to any particular behavioral trait.
• Like many cichlids, they exhibit high levels of intelligence and can often recognize and interact with their caregivers.
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