Common Name: Galaxy Pleco, Vampire Pleco
Scientific Name: Leporacanthicus cf. galaxias
Other Names: L240 Pleco
The Galaxy or Vampire Pleco is a striking and sought-after species in the aquarium hobby. This fish is known for its unique coloration, featuring a dark body speckled with brilliant white or light-colored spots, resembling a starry night sky. It gets the "Vampire" moniker from its long, fang-like teeth, which are unusual for a pleco and are used for feeding on invertebrates.
Habitat and Distribution:
The Galaxy Pleco is native to the fast-flowing, oxygen-rich rivers of the Amazon Basin in South America. It is typically found around rocky substrates, where it feeds on biofilm, algae, and small invertebrates.
Size and Lifespan:
In captivity, the Galaxy Pleco can grow up to about 10 inches in length. They are known to have a lifespan of 10 to 15 years, given proper care.
Diet and Behavior:
Despite their carnivorous teeth, Galaxy Plecos have an omnivorous diet. They feed on a mix of algae, biofilm, and small invertebrates in the wild. In the aquarium, their diet should include high-quality sinking pellets, wafers, frozen or live foods such as bloodworms, and occasional fresh vegetables. They are mostly nocturnal and can be shy, often hiding during the day.
Breeding and Reproduction:
Breeding the Galaxy Pleco in captivity is challenging and rare. They are cave spawners, and the male typically guards the eggs until they hatch.
Aquarium Care and Tank Requirements:
A minimum of a 50-gallon tank is recommended for these plecos, with plenty of hiding spots, caves, and driftwood. They thrive in a tank with a strong current and well-oxygenated water, mimicking their natural riverine habitat. Regular water changes and good filtration are important to maintain water quality.
Ideal Tank Mates:
The Galaxy Pleco is generally peaceful and can be kept with a variety of fish species. However, due to their specific requirements and potential territorial behavior, they are best paired with medium to large-sized fish that are not overly aggressive. Smaller, more delicate fish may be at risk.
Intermediate to Advanced. Their specific dietary and environmental needs require an experienced aquarist.
- Temperature: 76-82°F (24-28°C)
- pH: 6.5-7.5
- General Hardness (GH): 5-15 dGH
- Carbonate Hardness (KH): 3-8 dKH
- Ammonia: 0 ppm
- Nitrite: 0 ppm
- Nitrate: <20 ppm
- The Galaxy Pleco's distinct appearance, with its star-like spots, makes it a popular and attractive addition to suitable aquariums.
- They may require time to adjust to new surroundings, especially given their nocturnal nature.
- It's important to provide a balanced diet that includes both plant-based and protein-rich foods to keep them healthy.
Sign up today and take 10% off your first order!
Join our Newsletter for exclusive email offers and to stay up-to-date on the latest arrivals.